пробный урок

monkey passive

1. Поставьте глагол в форму пассивного залога прошедшего времени.

  1. Jack ... (examine) by the doctor. (Джека осмотрел доктор.)
  2. The teapot ... (break) last week. (Чайник был разбит на прошлой неделе.)
  3. The letters ... (hand) to Doctor Loyds. (Письма были вручены доктору Лойдс.)
  4. The girl ... (frighten) by homeless dogs. (Девочку напугали бездомные собаки.)
  5. This novel ... (not translate). (Этот роман не был переведен.)
  6. We ... (not invite) to Andrew’s party. (Нас не пригласили на вечеринку у Эндрю.)

2. Измените предложения в действительном залоге на страдательный.

Например:  We sent for the doctor. (Мы послали за доктором.) – The doctor was sent for. (За доктором послали.)

  1. The earthquake ruined a lot of villages. (Землетрясение разрушило много деревень.)
  2. Mother was cooking fantastic dinner. (Мама готовила фантастический ужин.)
  3. Somebody had stolen their car. (Кто-то украл их машину.)
  4. The secretary was typing the documents. (Секретарь печатала документы.)
  5. Sam had already painted the self-portrait. (Сэм уже написал автопортрет.)
  6. Kirsty bought these cushions in China. (Керсти купила эти подушки в Китае.)

3. Составьте по два предложения в пассивном залоге.

Например: We told her the news. (Мы рассказали ей новость.) – She was told the news. (Ей рассказали новость.), The news was told to her. (Новость была рассказана ей.)

  1. They gave me an Italian book. (Они дали мне итальянскую книгу.)
  2. He was showing us his new house. (Он показывал нам свой новый дом.)
  3. The waiter had served him a beef steak. (Официант подал ему говяжий стейк.)
  4. President promised his people prosperity. (Президент пообещал своему народу процветание.)
  5. Ross had taught Mary English grammar. (Мистер Росс обучил Мэри английской грамматике.)

4. Составьте вопросительные предложения, начиная с предложенных слов.

  1. Megan had been advised to wear contact lenses. (Меган посоветовали носить контактные линзы.) Why ... ? What ... ?
  2. The telephone was invented by Alexander Bell. (Телефон был изобретен Александром Бэлл.) Who ... by?  When ... ?
  3. The dogs were being trained by a policeman. (Собак тренировал полицейский.) Where ... ? How many dogs ... ?
  4. French textbooks had been packed for the library. (Французские учебники были упакованы для библиотеки.) What kind of books ... ?

 

Ответы:

1.

  1. was examined
  2. was broken
  3. were handed
  4. was frightened
  5. wasn’t translated
  6. were not invited

2.

  1. A lot of villages were ruined by the earthquake.
  2. Fantastic dinner was being cooked.
  3. Their car had been stolen.
  4. The documents were being typed by the secretary.
  5. The self-portrait had already been painted.
  6. These cushions were bought by Kirsty in China.

3.

  1. I was given an Italian book. An Italian book was given to me.
  2. We were being shown the new house. The new house was being shown to us.
  3. He had been served a beef steak. A beef steak had been served to him.
  4. Prosperity was promised by president. The people were promised prosperity.
  5. Mary had been taught English grammar by Mr. Ross. English grammar had been taught to Mary by Mr. Ross.

4.

  1. Why had Megan been advised to wear contact lenses? What had Megan been advised to wear?
  2. Who was the telephone invented by? When was the telephone invented?
  3. Where were the dogs being trained? How many dogs were being trained by a policeman?
  4. What kind of books had been packed for the library?
Упражнения "Страдательный (пассивный) залог прошедшего времени" (с ответами) - 5.0 out of 5 based on 13 votes

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